In Palestine there are two mountain chains, on each side of the River Jordan, running from north to south. Trade and communications therefore moved in these directions, and east–west routes were sparse and limited to the few gaps in the mountains. In the OT mountains dominate the history of Israel and are mentioned in many connections—for assemblies (Josh. 8:33), military sites (1 Sam. 17:3), and battles (1 Sam. 23:26); they are also useful for pasture (Ps. 104:18). The term ‘mount’ is used for particular peaks within the ranges, and two are especially important for Israel—Mount Sinai, where the covenant between God and Israel was enacted (Exod. 19:23) and the Law received, and Mount Zion, regarded as the dwelling place of God (e.g. Ps. 68:16).
Mountains are held to be awesome and sacred (Deut. 11:29), which is a continuation of the Canaanite mythology, whose God Baal, controller of thunderstorms, was thought to live on Mount Zaphon. For the Hebrews too, God was a God of the mountains (1 Kgs. 20:23, 28 f.); on a hill was the resting-place for the Ark [[➝ ark]] (1 Sam. 7:1) and on a hill ecstatic prophets congregated (1 Sam. 10:5). Mount Zion, on which the Temple was built, will always be the ‘mountain of God’ (Pss. 2:6; 78:68–9), the ‘holy mountain’ (Isa. 8:18). And this perspective about mountains reappears in the NT, notably in Matt. 5–7 where Jesus delivers the Sermon on the Mount, which is the counterpart of the old covenant now given to the New Israel as a new manifesto: Jesus is the New Moses who saves people from their servitude. So too, the glory of Jesus in the Transfiguration [[➝ transfiguration]] takes place on a mountain (Mark 9:2) and on a mountain the Eleven are given their marching orders (Matt. 28:16 ff.).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mountains — (as used in expressions) Blue Mountains Great Smoky Mountains, parque nacional Green Mountains Guadalupe Mountains, parque nacional White Mountains …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mountains — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Mountains Originaltitel Mestizo Produktionsland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mountains —    A region or landscape characterized by mountains and their intervening valleys; a generic name for any group, cluster, or sequence of mountains or narrowly spaced mountain ridges, with or without peaks, closely related in position, orientation …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • Mountains-to-Sea Trail — Sunset view from Clingman s Dome, the Western terminus of the trail Length appx 1000 mi (planned) 530 mi (designated completed) Location North Carolina, United States …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains (Biffy Clyro song) — Mountains Single by Biffy Clyro from the album Only Revolutions B side …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains and Clouds — Artist Alexander Calder Year 1986 Type sculpture Dimensions (51 ft. in × 75 ft. in) Location …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains of the Moon University — (MMU) Established 2005 Type Private Chancellor Professor Edward B. Rugumayo Vice Chancellor Prof. John M. Kasenene Students 1,000+ (2012) …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains (Lonestar song) — Mountains Single by Lonestar from the album Mountains Releas …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains of Sis — The Mountains of Sis seen from the south Elevation 1,791 m (5,876 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains of the Moon — can refer to: List of mountains on the Moon, mountains on Luna Mountains of the Moon (Africa), a mountain range in Africa that is the source of the Nile River Mountains of the Moon (film), a 1990 film Mountains of the Moon , a song by the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”